History of Native Americans
Indian residential schools, also known as Native American boarding schools, were established in the U.S. during the late 19th and mid 20th centuries with the primary goal of forcibly assimilating American Indian youth into white American culture and providing basic education in Euro-American subject matters. The government paid religious orders to provide basic education to Native American children on reservations, with the last boarding schools closing as late as 1973.
In the years since, tribal nations have increasingly established community- based schools and have also founded numerous tribal colleges and universities. Many Native Americans have moved to urban settings where they have enrolled in public and private schools, colleges, and universities.